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Urban areas are growth engines of economic and societal development – they promise economic opportunities and social participation potential.
Cities in developing countries and emerging economies are growing fast – but transport systems development does not keep pace in most cities. In many places land-use planning and zoning cannot keep pace with population growth and the expansion of cities. This results in spatial developments with low densities at the fringes of cities, which are not supportive to the development of quality public transport nor effective from the perspective of general infrastructure provision.
On the other hand, city centers are often very dense and overcrowded with limited space for dedicated public transport infrastructure, thus, integrating urban development and transport planning are necessary to prioritise the promotion of emission-free and low-emission transport modes, especially public transport as well as cycling and walking.