TUMI Challenge Indonesia

Inclusive Banjarmasin: Urban Mobility and Accessibility for All

Through a citizen-driven process, local partners in Banjarmasin, Indonesia implemented three participatory pilot projects as a model of urban inclusivity that is safe and accessible for all. The model neighborhood located in the Gadang sub-district of Banjarmasin includes three features to address specific challenges in the area: a safe and inclusive school zone , three-wheelers prototype as an alternative mobility option and new inclusive economy for persons with disabilities, and community-led waste management.

The Challenge

Many public spaces in Indonesian cities are inaccessible to vulnerable groups such as children, elderlies, and persons with disabilities (PwDs). This condition is contributed by a combination of lacking infrastructure as well as limited awareness and understanding by citizens, government agencies, and families. In Gadang neighborhood, poor road safety and lack of efficient waste management are urgent issues that have caused mobility challenges not only for vulnerable groups but also for everyone in the neighborhood.


The Objective

The Inclusive Banjarmasin: Safe and Inclusive Neighborhood for All initiative has two main goals:

  • Laying the groundwork in the form of a pilot project to implement inclusive mobility solutions for vulnerable groups in the city. The focus lies on mobility options for school-aged children and PwDs while also improving their access and ability to participate in public life.

  • Raising awareness among the general public and local government officials of the daily challenges vulnerable groups face in Banjarmasin and the urgent need for inclusive planning.

Together with our local implementing partner Kota Kita, the TUMI Challenge project in Banjarmasin, Indonesia focuses on the implementation of three participatory pilot projects as a model of urban inclusivity:

a) a safe and inclusive school zone,

b) prototyping three-wheeled motorcycles as a new inclusive economy for PwDs,

c) developing community-led waste management in the neighborhood.


The Pilot

Safe and Inclusive School Zone

This project aims to address traffic problems that exist in inclusive school zones to improve the safety and accessibility of the sidewalks, parking area, drop-off, and pick-up areas for all. This pilot was implemented in two inclusive schools in the neighborhood of Gadang in Banjarmasin: SDN Gadang 2 Banjarmasin and SMPN 10 Banjarmasin. The Safe School Zone was co-designed in a participatory process with students from both schools and relevant stakeholders in order to understand their aspirations and points of view and genuinely make the space inclusive for all.


Inclusive Mobility as New Economy

This project aims to improve accessibility in mobility through the retrofitting of three-wheeled motorbikes that can be used by persons with disabilities as new and inclusive mobility services in Banjarmasin. This process involved collaboration from existing three-wheeler ride-hailing services Difabike from Yogyakarta, official technical workshops, universities, and vocation schools in Banjarmasin. The design and construction of the three-wheelers also involved persons with disabilities who are the beneficiaries of the retrofitted three-wheeled motorcycles.


Community-led Waste Management

This project aims to improve community-based waste management in the Gadang neighborhood which is located around the pilot area of the School Safe Zone. We redesigned the waste management building and collaborated with the neighborhood residents through education, awareness-raising, and community-building activities to create a more sustainable system to manage waste.

The Process

September - December 2019

Initiation of the Safe School Zone and Inclusive Mobility initiatives

- Visiting two inclusive schools to assess the environment and also engage relevant stakeholders.

- Engagement with DPOs for the Inclusive Mobility project.

January - March 2020

Beginning the process of developing the Safe School Zone and Inclusive Mobility initiatives

- Conducting a co-design workshop with elementary school and middle school students.

- Technical partners began developing the three-wheeled motorcycle prototype.

June - August 2020

Adapting to COVID-19 and initiation of the Community-led Waste Management initiative

- The motorcycle retrofit process for the Inclusive Mobility initiative was continued while following health protocols.

- Initial meeting to discuss the idea to develop integrated and community-based waste management in the neighborhood.

August - December 2020

Safe School Zone and Inclusive Mobility initiatives in progress

- Conducting design workshops with partners and design confirmation with stakeholders for the Safe School Zone pilot.

- Conducting a test drive with potential drivers to assess the modified parts to meet their needs.

March - June 2021

Community-led Waste Management initiative in progress

- Craft-making training and workshop on collecting used cooking oil to promote recycling and reuse among neighborhood residents.

- Co-design workshop with citizens to remodel the neighborhood's community hub to support the community-led waste management activities.

April - September 2021

Final stages of the pilot development

- Safe School Zone development and construction

- Continue three-wheeled motorcycle retrofitting process

September 2021

Launching event with city government, civil society organizations, and media

The Outcome

With a citizen-driven process and a multi-stakeholder approach, the Inclusive Banjarmasin: Safe and Inclusive Neighborhood for All has provided an effective entry point to raise the awareness of local community groups on the importance of accessibility in the neighborhood while exposing Banjarmasin government officials to inclusive approaches in city building. As of December 2021, the Transportation Agency of Banjarmasin is planning to implement the Safe School Zones concept in five schools in the city, and has committed to adding more Safe School Zones to create a safer and more inclusive school environment for all.

“Joining this program has exposed us to the benefits of a participatory and inclusive process. We at the Transportation Agency of Banjarmasin are definitely inspired and hope to replicate the process in other safe school zone projects that are currently in the pipeline.” — Febpry Ghara Utama, Banjarmasin City Transportation Agency

“The TUMI program has inspired us to see the potential of replicating accessible and inclusive public spaces in other areas of Banjarmasin City. We believe that the collaborative and participatory process conducted in this program can become a guideline for the planning and development of Banjarmasin City in the future.” — Ibnu Sina, Banjarmasin Mayor

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